The role of Artificial Intelligence in the conflicts of the future.
Last February the aerospace company Hanwha Systems, a leading company in the defense sector of South Korea and the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology or KAIST, launched a project for the development of technologies based on Artificial Intelligence to be applied to weapon.
The university pole for scientific research and Hanwha will carry out various studies on how the fourth revolution technologies can be used on future battlefields. The weapon system based on Artificial Intelligence is considered the third revolution in the field of battle after gunpowder and strategic assets.
Specifically, the research center will develop four IA-based technologies: a command and control system for missiles, an algorithm for navigating unmanned flyers, an aeronautical training platform and an object tracking technique. United States and Russia are already developing weapons with artificial intelligence. More than 20 countries have already asked the UN to veto the development of weapon systems equipped with artificial intelligence.
The role of artificial intelligence: Decision making
Scientists estimate that within the next ten years, technology will mature enough to develop an autonomous weapon that can decide who or what to destroy. The pitfalls that lie behind autonomous technology and artificial intelligence are many, as well as legal and ethical implications. To date, when it comes to Warfighting, man is always part of the equation. But will it always be like this? Supporters of autonomous weapons claim that these assets will help reduce costs and victims in war. The point of view of those who believe, instead, is that the AI will be used on a large scale and with an ever greater degree of self-awareness.
It is clear that rules are needed to govern the future war managed by the AI, with the awareness that not all world powers may not respect them. For example, Hanwha is one of South Korea’s largest arms producers. It produces cluster munitions that are banned in 120 countries on the basis of an international treaty. However, South Korea, the United States, Russia and China are not signatories to the convention. Before even building a Terminator it would be imperative to write laws that will have to tie all countries in the world. No one should build totally self-conscious machines. It is imperative to understand what the limit is before creating something like a physical or computerized Terminator. Man must always be included in the decision cycle.
The Defense Science Board study
“The Department of Defense must accelerate the development of automated systems, both for their military value and to maintain the technological advantage over their adversaries.
Machines and computers that can process far more data than humans can do, will allow the United States to undermine an opponent’s assets. This is why it is vital for the United States to maintain a military advantage. However, we need to be able to allow human teams and not to intervene, correct or stop actions in a timely and appropriate manner if there is a problem with AI. The machine must be verifiable and able to preserve and communicate an immutable and understandable reasoning behind its decisions, in support of the actions carried out “. In the Defense Science Board study, we recommend the Department of Defense to “carry out a series of experiments on prototypes that could demonstrate a clear operational value”.
Visualizing the Tactical Battlefield Ground in the Year 2050
The tactical battlefield of 2050 will exceed all expectations as robots and Super-Humans robots will play a major role in the wars of the future. This is the forecast of the US Department of Defense and the US Army Research Lab (ARL), in a study entitled “Visualizing the Tactical Ground Battlefield in the Year 2050”.
“The battlefield of the future will be populated by fewer human beings. Those on the battlefield, however, will have superior physical and mental capabilities. They will have a better perception of the environment and will be stronger, smarter and more powerful. They will fight side by side with Killers Automated Hunters of various kinds. Success in the war of the future will be determined by seven factors: augmented reality, automated decision making, new weapons, computerized aiming, large-scale self-organization, adversary cognitive modeling, reaction capability in an extreme environment with little information”.
The report also lists the troops of the future: autonomous mass-produced robots and few humans. The latter, however, to support the comparison with the automated troops must be equipped with the latest technology.
“Equipped with advanced exoskeletons, the Super-Humans will manage a series of technologies that will ensure them easy detection and cognitive improvements. The Super-Humans will be frightening and unstoppable war machines: they will be armored and equipped with laser weapons. Considering that communication, in the scenario of the future, will be fundamental, the exoskeleton must be shielded against every enemy attack (Emp, hacker). A shield of energy (we know that they already exist) could be a solution even if in the study there are cloud-robots that would have the task of shielding the operator from cyber attacks. The same armor of the Super-Human must be self-regenerating, able to blend in, learn from the surrounding environment and guarantee an optimal source of power to all the implemented systems “.
Four possible sources of energy: mobile nuclear energy, wireless power, organic renewable energy and ability to tap into enemy infrastructure. “The Super-Humans will be endowed with ‘leeches’ (leeches). Drones launched by the operator towards an energy source. Once arrived at their destination, the leeches will transmit the energy to the human exoskeleton “. It is clear that the first objective of the 2050 war will be the sources of energy to keep robots and Super-Humans operating on the battlefield.
“The Super-Humans will have to be different even without the equipment we will provide. This is why the possibility of modifying their DNA must be taken seriously. Super-Humans must have better physical and cognitive abilities than the soldier of special departments. The presence of super soldiers on the battlefield of 2050 is highly probable, considering that the various components necessary to allow this development exist and are undergoing rapid evolution “.
The BRAIN Program
The US military continues to develop an implantable neural interface that can bridge the gap between the human mind and computers. The new system, which aims to speed up the transfer of data between the brain and the digital world, is part of the BRAIN program, strongly desired by the former Obama administration. The BRAIN or Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies program is developed by DARPA. We speak of a “implantable biocompatible device not exceeding one cubic centimeter. It will act as a translator to convert the electrochemical language of brain neurons into binary code “.
The goal of the wider Neural Engineering System Design program is to increase the speed of transmission and reception of data between human mind and machines. DARPA aims to develop a system that can communicate with up to one million neurons at a time. In addition to military application, this neural interface could provide valuable support in the field of neuroscience.
The NESD program also includes the Restoring Active Memory (RAM). RAM should be able, thanks to an implantable neural interface, to restore lost memories in subjects with traumatic brain injuries. DARPA hopes to create a multi-scale computational model that can describe “the source code of memory”. The next step of DARPA will be to create a neural interface with the ability to fill “gaps in memory flow in the brain after a traumatic injury”. The implant would stimulate the brain to help restore its ability to create new memories.